Archaeology dating coins
The scholar most associated with the rules of stratigraphy (or law of superposition) is probably the geologist Charles Lyell.
The basis for stratigraphy seems quite intuitive today, but its applications were no less than earth-shattering to archaeological theory.
In this relative dating method, Latin terms ante quem and post quem are usually used to indicate both the oldest and the most recent possible moments when an event occurred or an artifact was left in a stratum.
But this method is also useful in many other disciplines.
In other words, artifacts found in the upper layers of a site will have been deposited more recently than those found in the lower layers.
Cross-dating of sites, comparing geologic strata at one site with another location and extrapolating the relative ages in that manner, is still an important dating strategy used today, primarily when sites are far too old for absolute dates to have much meaning.
When coins are found as part of a scientific excavation, they can make an immense contribution to our understanding of ancient society.
One obvious way they help archaeologists reconstruct life on ancient sites comes from the fact that they are relatively easy to date.
Thus, 1587 is the post quem dating of Shakespeare's play Henry V.In other words, dating began with the beginning of the revolt.Many of the coins also bore legends like “Jerusalem the Holy” or “Freedom of Zion.” The Romans crushed the Jewish revolt in 70 C. (except for the holdouts at Masada, among other places), but the Jews managed to revolt again a little more than 60 years later. As in the first revolt, however, coins are dated beginning with the start of the revolt.Since their first invention in western Turkey in the late seventh century B.C., coins have been struck in precious metals and copper alloys, and since that time they have been lost, buried in hoards, placed in graves, or otherwise left behind for archaeologists to find.
Archaeologists use many different techniques to determine the age of a particular artifact, site, or part of a site.